On the other side of the pond, this fantasy was also inflated by President Donald Trump, who in late July 2019 said he spoke by phone with Boris Johnson and backed an “ambitious trade deal” with Britain after Brexit. In its negotiating objectives for a trade deal with the United Kingdom, the U.S. government made it clear that the agreement would be conditional on the UK`s agreement to engage in a number of geopolitical objectives of the Trump administration. The proposals call on the United Kingdom to “discourage political measures to boycott, hijack and punish Israel” and to “ensure transparency and take appropriate action when the United Kingdom negotiates a free trade agreement with a non-market country.” While the exact impact is unclear, the goals coincide with the Trump administration`s record of using trade policy to achieve geopolitical objectives, as can be seen in the USMCA and Mexican immigration policy. While the United Kingdom undoubtedly shares many geopolitical objectives with the United States, it may regret being linked to the Trump administration`s positions on Israel and other sensitive diplomatic situations. It is important that the United Kingdom does not compromise on a principles-based approach to international diplomacy to reach a trade agreement with the United States. British Trade Minister Liz Truss has promised a “hard deal” with the US and praised Britain`s failure to reduce its food safety standards for imports of US products such as chlorinated poultry and genetically modified plants. Similarly, the United States has different environmental standards than the EU and the UK will have to decide which regulatory system it wants to go. The non-regression of environmental standards and level Playing Field rules includes part of the withdrawal agreement, both of which aim to ensure a basic level of current post-Brexit standards (if an agreement is reached). However, these are only a large number of areas and are legally difficult to challenge. There are still ways to influence the environment through a trade agreement with the United States.
For example, many products manufactured in the United States with less environmentally friendly processes could be sold in the United Kingdom, even though these practices are prohibited in the United Kingdom. A trade deal could also lead to direct investment in the United States, which could put pressure on UK local authorities to be allowed to carry out polluting activities such as hydraulic fracturing. Within the EU, the general principles (such as the precautionary principle or the polluter pays principle) are legislation. The United Kingdom and the United States do not have the same legal structure that enshrines these principles. It is therefore not certain that environmental standards will remain the same after Brexit or whether a US trade deal will lead to pressure for deregulation. Boris Johnson has made a free trade agreement between the United States and Britain a key idea of his government, and he said Britain would be “the priority to conclude a major free trade agreement” with the Trump administration. Any trade agreement will aim to remove tariffs and remove other trade barriers that come into force. It will also cover both goods and services. “The Good Friday Agreement is the foundation of peace in Northern Ireland,” said House of Representatives spokeswoman Nancy Pelosi. If the UK violates its international agreements and Brexit undermines the Good Friday agreement, there will be absolutely no chance of a US-Uk trade deal going through Congress. The British Foreign Office and the Department of Commerce still have a series of trade agreements in the pipeline and could seek an agreement with Asia-Pacific countries to fill the void that will likely result from Biden`s priorities.
The UK cannot formally take on the new government until its inauguration in January, but it has established contacts with high-level Democratic senators.