The agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union on maritime incidents is a bilateral agreement reached in 1972 between the United States and the Soviet Union to reduce the likelihood of a maritime incident between the two countries and, if this happens, to avoid an escalation. Contracting parties appoint members for the establishment of a committee to consider specific measures in accordance with this agreement. In particular, the Committee will consider the practical feasibility of concrete fixed distances to be taken into account in meetings between ships, aircraft, ships and aircraft. The committee meets within six months of the signing of this agreement and makes its recommendations on the parties` decision during the Section IX consultations. This is a relevant quote for the debate on the ratification of UNCLOS by the United States. Each quote may be associated with one or more quotes that are used to support arguments in the debate. You can view the full list of quotes in the system, in alphabetical order or by date, in the menu above the quote. In the late 1960s, several incidents broke out between the U.S. Navy and the Soviet Navy. These include aircraft from the two nations passing by each other, colliding ships and aircraft that make threatening movements against those on the other side. In March 1968, the United States proposed discussions on preventing such incidents.
The Soviet Union accepted the invitation in November 1970 and the discussions were held in two cycles – October 1, 1971 in Moscow and May 17, 1972 in Washington, D.C. The agreement was signed in 1972 by Navy Minister John Warner and Soviet Admiral Sergey Gorchkov at the Moscow Summit. For example, the provision of the agreement, which states that “ships of the contracting parties must not simulate attacks by targeting guns, rocket launchers, torpedoes and other weapons to the other party`s ships” are now amended by a ban on the use of lasers in a manner that could impede health or equipment. Similarly, additional rules apply to the actions of aircraft when they approach the other party`s aircraft vessels. This agreement enters into force on the date of its signing and remains in force for a period of three years. It is then extended for a period of three years, without further action by the contracting party. The parties exchange appropriate information on collision incidents, incidents resulting in damage or other incidents at sea between vessels and aircraft of the contracting parties. The U.S. Navy provides this information on the Soviet naval attaché in Washington, and the Soviet Navy provides this information on the U.S.
Navy attaché in Moscow. Like other confidence-building measures, the maritime incident agreement has no direct impact on the size, weapons or power structure of the parties. Rather, it aims to improve mutual knowledge and understanding of military activities; Reduce the possibility of conflict by accident, miscalculation or miscommunication; and increase stability in times of calm and crisis. In 1983, Secretary of the Navy John Lehman called the agreement “a good example of how the navy process works in the navy” and attributed soviet-American relations to the area that it would be “better than worse.” In 1985, he found that the frequency of incidents was “much lower than it was in the 1960s and early 1970s.” The protocol to this agreement was born from the first meeting of the advisory committee established by the agreement. Each party recognized that additional arrangements for non-military vessels could improve their effectiveness.